The new processor features a lot of much awaited components like:
- an integrated memory controller
- a new point-to-point processor interconnect (QuickPath Interconnect) that replaces the Front Side Bus (FSB)
- the nested page tables technology (Extended Page Tables or EPT), part of Intel VT-x
- the I/O virtualization technology (VT-d) that supports the VMware VMDirectPath technology
To highlight the performance improvement, VMware published three new benchmarks measured with VMmark that scores impressive results for three different two-socket systems (8 cores):
- HP ProLiant DL370 G6 (Xeon 5580) – 23.96 with 16 tiles
- Dell PowerEdge R710 (Xeon 5570) – 23.55 with 16 tiles
- Inspur NF5280 (Xeon 5570) – 23.45 with 17 tiles
The best performance scored by a two-socket system before the ones above was just 9.15 with 7 tiles obtained with a HP ProLiant ML370 G5 and Xeon 5470 CPUs.
Also Citrix published some performance analysis of its XenServer running on top of Nehalem CPUs, reporting an improvement of 53%:
Along with Nehalem, Intel also released a new NIC, the 82599 10GbE, that features the I/O virtualization technology for networking components called VT-c.
The VT-c components included in this NIC are:
- Virtual Machine Device Queues (VMDq) which improves performance and CPU utilization by offloading the data-sorting burden from the VMM to the network controller. Recent enhancements include offloading inter-VM switching within a server.
- Virtual Machine Direct Connect (VMDc) which provides near-native performance by facilitating direct assignment of a virtual function on an Ethernet port to a VM.
VMDc includes both Single-Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) and VM mobility.